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4-5 Years Old:

  • Understands sequential language such as first, next, and last
  • Understands time concepts yesterday, today, and tomorrow
  • Follows three – four step directions such as, put on your pajamas, brush your teeth, and then pick out a book
  • Follows classroom directions such as draw a circle on your paper around something you eat
  • Produces complex sentence structures that contain more than one verb
  • Tells a short story
  • Sustains a conversation with adults
  • Talks in different ways depending on the listener and place. May use short sentences with younger children or talk louder outside than inside

3-4 Years Old:

  • Understands family members names
  • Talks about activities at school or play dates
  • Produces about 4 sentences at a time while describing events of day
  • Unfamiliar listeners usually understand your child's speech
  • Answers simple who, what and where questions
  • Asks when and how questions
  • Says rhyming words, like hat-cat
  • Uses pronouns, such as I, you, me, we, and they
  • Uses plural –s (e.g. hats, books)
  • Produces sentences that are 4+ words
  • Usually talks easily without repeating syllables or words

2-3 Years Old:

  • Understands differences in meaning (go-stop, in-on, big-little, up-down)
  • Follows two requests such as get the book and put it on the table
  • Listens to and enjoys hearing stories for longer periods of time
  • Has a word for almost everything
  • Uses two- or three- words to talk about and ask for things
  • Speech is understood by familiar listeners most of the time
  • Often asks for or directs attention to objects by naming them
  • Asks why?
  • May stutter on words or sounds
  • Has an expressive vocabulary of approximately 200-300 words at 2 years of age
  • Has an expressive vocabulary of approximately 1000 words at 3 years of age

1-2 Years Old:

  • Points to a few body parts when asked
  • Follows simple commands and understands simple questions Roll the ball, Kiss the baby, Where's your shoe?
  • Listens to simple stories, songs, and rhymes
  • Points to pictures in a book when named
  • Says more words every month
  • Asks one or two word questions Where kitty?, What's that?
  • Puts two words together more cookie, no juice, go car
  • Uses many different consonant sounds at the beginning of words

7 Months–1 Years Old:

  • Enjoys games like peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake
  • Responds to his or her name
  • Recognizes words for common items like cup, shoe, book, or juice
  • Begins to respond to requests, such as come here or want more?
  • Babbles using both long and short groups of sounds such as "dada, mama, bababa"
  • Uses speech or vocalizations to gain and keep attention
  • Uses gestures to communicate (waving, holding arms up to be picked up)
  • Imitates different speech sounds
  • Produces one or two words (hi, dog, dada, mama) around first birthday, although sounds may not be clear
  • Follows simple 1 step directions sit down

4- 6 Months Old:

  • Turns head toward a sound
  • Responds to changes in tone of your voice
  • Attends to music and toys that make sounds
  • Babbles while using different sounds, including b, p, m
  • Vocalizes excitement and displeasure
  • Makes gurgling sounds when left alone and when playing with you

Birth-3 Months

  • Startles to loud sounds
  • Seems to recognize your voice and quiets if crying
  • Makes pleasure sounds (cooing, gooing)
  • Has different cries for different reasons
  • Watches your face when you speak